Our work environment has a significant influence on our physical, social and mental wellbeing. Being a medical professional working in a hospital or clinic, you have a lot going on your head but your personal health and safety concerns shouldn’t take the backseat. You may be susceptible to pathogens.
Spending time with severely ill or injured patients may cause you forget or neglect the need for self-protection, but hospitals are potentially hazardous places for patients as well as for the medical workers, and sure you don’t want to see yourself down with infection after curing others.
Be safe and not sorry
Pathogens are in abundance in a hospital environment. They are the micro-organisms such as, viruses, bacteria and fungi, which are the sources of many illnesses, minor or serious. Don’t make yourself a victim of infection because then you have nobody but yourself to blame on for not being careful.
How the microbes spread?
If not taken enough care, hospitals and clinics can be ideal breeding grounds for microbial and fungi contaminants. Tests have found bacterial and fungal genera, present on surfaces such as, armrest beds, wash sinks, medical tables, and the hands of medical staff from emergency, intensive care unit, inhalation therapy, stomatology and pediatric areas.
Cross-transmission of microorganisms by contaminated surfaces and the hands of health care workers are considered to be the main route of the spread of nosocomial infections. Drug resistant bacteria, fungi and viruses are the source of pathogen that can spread through the contacts with medical furniture, instruments, clothing, drainage and so on.
Diseases from microbial infections
|Microbes that cause the disease||Types of microbes|
|Whooping caugh||Bordatella Pertussis||Bacteria|
|Ring worm||Trichophyton Rubrum||Fungus|
|Chicken pox||Varicella Zoster||Virus|
|Bubonic plague||Yersinia Pestis||Bacteria|
|Athletes foot||Trichophyton Mentagrophytes||Fungus|
Microbes can attack our body through the following four inlets –
- Through mouth and nose
- Through rectum
- Through genital
- Through breaks on the skin surface.
How to reduce the effects of harmful microbes
Existence and growth of health hazardous microorganisms are natural in a hospital and clinic because of the visits by the patients suffering from various diseases and spreading of the microbial through contacts of the furnishers and the healthcare personnel. Only conscious efforts can reduce the effects using the following steps –
- Time to time wash your hands in clean water using soap, rubbing fingers well.
- Use disposable paper towel to dry your hands rather than cloth towel.
- Use anti-bacterial air purifier & odor neutralizer which makes the clinic environment safe from decomposition of microorganism and also purifies air.
- Use clinic disinfectant & sanitizer which works against viruses including Hepatitis B, gram negative and gram positive bacteria, and fungi.
- Use toilet disinfectant and seat sanitizer to prevent spread of disease from the high patient traffic areas such as toilet.
- Use baby examination table cover to provide utmost infection free baby examination table.
- Use baby weighing scale mat to prevent any possible spread of disease from an affected baby to a healthy baby.
- Use instant hand sanitizer gel or spray which protects doctors from infections and also from dry skin irritations.
- Use gadget sanitizer & cleaner to prevent spreading of microbes from the gadgets and furnishings in a clinic.
- Use stethoscope and eyeglass cleaner.
Disinfection must be viewed as a holistic process. Many research works have concluded that air and surface contaminations in the hospitals and clinics contribute to the transmission of pathogens and thus pose infection hazards. Prudent implementation of tested air and surface disinfection regimens can prevent or minimize adverse effects.